Arts & Crafts

Bhutan has practiced thirteen traditional arts and crafts which were formally categorized during the reign of Gyalse Tenzin Rabgay, and are as follows:


Thag-zo is the art of weaving which is widely practiced in Bhutan. Bhutanese textiles are woven from cotton, raw cotton and silk with intricate motifs woven in the cloth.


De-zo is the art of paper making and people of Bhutan re engaged in producing the traditional paper also known as Dezop. The paper is made mainly from Daphne plant and gum from a creeper root.


Do-zo is the art related to stone work. Stone arts are used in the construction of stone pools and the outer walls of dzongs, gompas, stupas and some other buildings.


Gar-zo is related to blacksmithing. Blacksmithing is used in manufacture of iron goods such as farm tools, knives, swords, and utensils.


Jin-zo is the art of clay which is used in making religious statues and ritual objects, pottery and the construction of buildings using mortar, plaster, and rammed earth.


Lha-zo is art of painting works and is related to images on thangkas, walls paintaings, and statues to te decorations on furniture and window-frames.


Lug-zo is the art of bronze casting which is used in the production of bronze roof-crests, statues, bells, and ritual instruments, in addition to jewelry and household item using sand casting and lost-wax casting.


Par-zo is the art of wood, slate, and stone carving and is used in items such as printing blocks for religious texts, masks, furniture, altars, and the slate images adorning many shrines and altars.


Shag-zo is related woodturning and is used in making a variety of bowls, plates, cups, and other containers.


Shing-zo is the art of woodworking which is employed in the construction of dzongs and gompas.


Tro-zo is related to silver and gold smithing and is used in making gold, silver, copper jewelry, ritual objects, and utilitarian household items.


Tsha-zo is the art of cane and bamboo work and is used in production of varied items such as bows and arrows, baskets, drinks containers, utensils, musical instruments, fences, and mats.


Tshema-zo is related to needlework and is used to make clothes, boots, or the most intricate appliqué thangkas.