Two main ethnic groups reside in Chukha, the Ngalops and the Lhotshampas. Chukha, located in the dense subtropical forest in Southwestern Bhutan is a hot and wet region. The region houses varieties of flora and faunas. Chukha houses the religious Jabar Goemba Monastery and Tshamdrak Goemba. Jabar Goemba Monastery was established by the venerable Lama Drakpa Jamtsho in 17th century and is situated at a site surrounded by five mountains with an auspicious resemblance to the five religious hats worn by lamas. The main artifact of the monastery is a holy Phurba or ritual dagger that is said to have flown to the monastery from Tibet. Tshamdrak Goemba was built by Lam Ngawang Drakpa in 17th century which contains relics such as the 100 Ceremonial Drums and a large stone slab that is attributed to Ap Chundu, the guardian deity of Haa.
Phuentsholing occupies parts of both Phuentsholing Gewog and Sampheling Gewog and lies opposite the Indian town of Jaigon. Phuentsholing is a border town in southern Bhutan, and serves as the administrative seat (dzongkhag thromde) of Chukha District.