Agriculture serves as the dominant economy of Bhutan. Farmers earn their livelihood through the sale of animal products such as cheese, butter, and milk. The main staple crops are rice, maize, wheat and buckwheat while potatoes, apples, oranges, cardamom, ginger, and chilies serves as predominant cash crops.

Cottage Industries

Having the sufficient forest resources Bhutan has marked its place on thriving cane and bamboo handicraft industry. Craftsmen weave a number of beautiful and intricate items out of bamboo and cane including hats, backpacks, floor mats and traditional bowls and are sold to tourist or local people as a source of income.


The Tourist Industry in Bhutan was first opened in 1974 and has become a major economy of Bhutan. The tourist industry provides the countless employment opportunities and generates additional revenue for the government.


Bhutan is blessed with the fast flowing, glacier-fed rivers which has contributed in the economy of the country as the rivers has enormous potential to produce hydroelectricity. The Chukha Hydro Power Corporation, Tala Hydro Power Corporation, Baso Chu Hydro Power Corporation, and Kurichu Hydro Power Corporation produces 1500 MW of power most of which are exported to the neighbouring country India. Bhutan still has the capacity to generate another 30,000 MW of electricity due to its abundant water resources.


Manufacturing sector also contributes to the national economy. Pasakha, the industrial sector of Bhutan houses small scale industries such as cement plants, calcium and carbide, steel and Ferro silicon, Coca Cola and wood based industries which are the major contributor to national revenue.