Bhutan covers over 72 percent of the forest land out of which 60 percent is under protection. The forest houses different varieties of floras and faunas found in the kingdom.
There are around 500 species of medicinal plant ranging from magnolias, junipers, orchids and varied hues, gentian, daphne, and giant rhubarb. Fir, pine and oaks are the most commonly found trees in Bhutan. The dragon kingdom also houses the 46 different species of rhododendrons, 5400 kinds of vascular plants, 360 species of orchids. The Himalayan blue poppy is the national flower of Bhutan which blooms all over the place during the spring.
The dense forest in Bhutan acts as the wild habitat for a wide range of rare and endangered animals like snow leopards, Bengal Tigers, Red Panda, Gorals, Langurs, Himalayan Black Bear, Sambars, Wild pigs, barking Bear, Blue Sheep, Musk deer and many more are found in Bhutan. Takin, a goat-antelope is the national animal of Bhutan which is found throughout the country.
There are 221 global endemic birds are in Bhutan. Bhutan houses above 670 species of birds. Buntings, Waders, Ducks, Thrushes, Cuckoos, Bee-Eaters, Fly Catchers, and Warblers are among the commonly found birds in Bhutan. Bhutan consists of around 16 different endangered bird species that include White Bellied Heron, Pallas Fish Eagle and Blyth’s Kingfisher. Raven is the national bird of Bhutan which is spotted in southern regions.
Some of the renowned national park and sanctuaries in the country are:
- Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park
- Trumshingla National Park
- Royal Manas National Park
- Jigme Dorji National Park
- Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary