The archeological evidences in Bhutan indicates that the settlements in Bhutan dated back to 2000-1500BC. Influenced by its religious history Bhutan’s political development started during the tenth century. It is believed that Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) made his way in Bhutan and started spreading Buddhism.
Initially Bhutan practiced Bonism and was the dominant religion in the region. Later Tibetan King Songtsen Gampo introduced Buddhism in the 7th century and was further extended by the arrival of Guru Rinpoche, a Buddhist Master that is widely considered to be the second Buddha.
The development started to flourish in Bhutan after Jigme Singye Wangchuk took over the regime. Airport, roads and national system of health care was initiated. The country picked up on the pace of modernization but still maintained polices of careful and controlled growth in an effect to preserve the national identity.
Bhutan was first unified by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel in 17th century. After his arrival in Bhutan from Tibet he consolidated his power, defeated three Tibetan invasions and established a comprehensive system of law and governance. After his demise the country fell into in-fighting and cicil war between the various local rulers and continued until the Trongsa Penlop Ugyen Wangchuck was able to gain control and establish himself as Bhutan’s first hereditary King in 1907.
Bhutan is a county with a strong ancient Buddhist cultures. The country did not have any foreign influence as no tourists were allowed in the countries for many centuries. However, slowly Bhutan thought of promoting the country through tourism so it opened up its borders to the outsiders in the 1970s. Still, no tourists are allowed to venture the country on their own rather they have to be associated with a pre-arranged packages tour or with a registered travel agency.