People and Religion of Bhutan


Bhutanese people can be categorized into three main ethnic groups as follows:

Tshanglas The Tshanglas commonly known as Sharchops are considered as the aboriginal inhabitants of eastern Bhutan. They are commonly inhabitants of Mongar, Trashigang, Trashiyangtse, Pema Gasthel and Samdrup Jongkhar and speak Tshanglakha. They cultivate maize, rice, wheat, barley and vegetables, and also rear animals for their living. The women in this region are engaged in weaving and produce beautiful fabrics of silk and raw silk.

Ngalops: The Ngalops are of Tibetan origin and are settled mostly in the six region of Western Bhutan and speaks Ngalopkha, a polished version of Dzongkha, the natural language of Bhutan. The people in this region are mainly engaged in agriculture and cultivate cereals such as rice, wheat, barley and maize along with a variety of other crops. Apples are cultivated as the cash crop in the regions of Paro and Thimphu.

Lhotshampas: The Lhotshampas are believed to migrate from Nepal and are settled in the southern foothills of the country. They speak Lhotshamkha (Nepali) and practice Hinduism. Their society consist various ethnic groups such Brahmins, Chhetris, Rais, Limbus, Tamnags, Gurungs. They are mainly engaged in agriculture and cultivate cash crops like ginger, cardamom and oranges.

The other minority grops in Bhutan includes Bumthaps and the Khengpas of Central Bhutan, the Kurtoeps in Lhuentse, the Brokpas and the Bramis of Merak and Sakteng in eastern Bhutan, the Doyas of Samtse nd finally the Monpas of Rukha villages in Wangdue Phodrang.

Religion of Bhutan

The Bhutanese people are allowed to follow any religions by their constitution. Buddhism is the official religion of Bhutan as majority of people living in Bhutan follows the Buddhism as their religion. It is only Mahayana (tantric) Buddhist Kingdom in the world. Approximately 70 percentages of the population of Bhutan practice Drukpa Kagyupa or Ningmapa Buddhism; both are the disciplines of Mahayana Buddhism. There are substantial numbers of people who practice Hinduism in the country. Approximately 28 percent of the population practice in Hinduism as their religion. Likewise, five percent people practice Islam and very minor population practice Christianity.