Sarpang District consists of environmentally protected areas; far western Sarpang District contains part of the uninhabited Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary along the India border, northern Sarpang District is part of Jigme Singye Wangchuck National park and eastern and southeastern Sarpang District lie within the Royal Manas National Park. Sarpang is bisected by a wide swath of biological corridor connecting all three environmentally protected areas. The diverse population gives visitors an interesting cultural experience with a wealth or various religions and traditions and the dominant language in Sarpang is Nepali. Gelephu is the major town within the dzongkhag and is an important border town with India.
Gelephu is located in Southern Bhutan on the border with India and is a hub for cross-border trade. Gelephu is the gateway to the Royal Mans National park, the oldest nature preserve in the kingdom of Bhutan and is a warm, fertile region with plenty of rainfall. It houses hundreds of rare plant and animal species such as Golden Langurs, Gangetic Dolphins and the Asian One horned rhinoceros.
Gelephu also offers the ancient Bhutanese tradition of ‘Menchu’ also known as Hot Stone Baths where water is heated by submerging red-hot stones into the bath and then used it to bathe and soak, which is a popular curative method that is used throughout the country. The Hot Spring in Gelephu is mainly visited by the locals but in winter people all over from Bhutan visit here.
Gelephu Airport is one of the new domestic airports that have recently been opened in the country and this airport is one of the major keys to the strengthening links with and opening up more rural areas of the country.